REBAB

REBAB
Generasi baru hari ini kurang mengenali rebab. Aatau sesetengahnya langsung tidak pernah mendngar pun perkataan 'REBAB'. Namun di Kelantan, rebab amat besar fungsinya di suatu masa dahulu dalam permainan 'Tarik Selampit' yang digunakan oleh TOK SELAMPIT' sebagai musik iringan dalam menyampaikan cerita-cerita hikayat sebagai hiburan kepada masyarakat.
Peranan Rebab juga digunakan sebagai musik iring dalam permainan MAKYONG, iaitu hiburan popular bagi masyarakat Kelantan dalam menyampaikan lakunan atau cerita termasuklah yang paling terkenal DEWA MUDA dan Raja Gondang. (sekadar beberapa contoh).
Bagaimanapun, kepentingan REBAB yang menjadi utama kerana ia digunakan dalam permainan PUTERI iaitu sejenis PENGUBATAN TRADISI pawang ketika mengubat orang sakit......
 
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Alat Muzik ini bertali menggunakan penggesek dan mempunyai tiga utas tali daripada dawai logam. Lazimnya badan dibuat daripada kayu nangka dan berongga di bahagian dalam. Bentuk badannya lebar di bahagian atas dan liras sedikit ke bawah. Dadanya ditutup dengan kulit diperbuat daripada perut lembu yang dikeringkan. Busut kecil yang dibuat dari lilin lebah ditampal pada sebelah kiri dadanya dipanggil "susu". Disisi bahagian atas lehernya dipasang pemulas bagi melaras suaranya. Leher atau papan jari dipasang pada bahagian atas badannya. Pada bahagian atas kepalanya berukiran dan dipanggil `Pucuk Rebung'. Lehernya memanjang ke bawah menerusi badan dan hujungnya menjadi pancang dibahagian bawah di mana alat itu diletakkan berdiri bila ia dimainkan. Kayu kekuda titian tadi diletak pada tengah dadanya dan boleh diubah kedudukannya.
 
Penggesek dibuat dari kayu dan melengkong sedikit. Tali penggesek ialah urat daripada selapuk balutan mayang kelapa dan kini digunakan tali tangsi. Fungsi Digunakan dalam muzik mengiringi Mak Yong, Peteri dan Selampit di Kelantan. Cara Bermain Rebab diletak berdiri didepan pemain yang duduk bersila dilantai. Rebab digesek dan sambil menggesek jari-jarinya mengawal ketegangan tali-tali penggesek. Jari-jari tangan sebelah lagi memetik atau menekan pada tali?tali di bahagian leher untuk mengeluarkan berbagai pic. Ketiga?tiga tali dilaras pada jeda perfect 4 th atau pada jeda perfect 4 th dan perfect 5 th.




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The rebab (Arabic الرباب or رباب; also rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa) is a string instrument which originated in what is now known as Afghanistan,[citation needed] no later than the 8th century, and was spread via Islamic trading routes over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East. The bowed variety often has a spike at the bottom to rest on the ground, and is thus called a spike fiddle in certain areas.
RebabsMevlâna mausoleum, Konya, Turkey
The rebab is considered part of the lute family (oud in Arabic). Plucked versions like the kabuli rebab (sometimes referred to as the robab or rubab) are plucked like the lute, but other versions are played with a bow. The closest to it is the gusle, an instrument that is still widely used in the Balkans. It is almost certainly the direct ancestor of the European violin, via the Medieval rebec, as the Rebab is a key instrument of Arabo-Andalusian music. It is used in a wide variety of musical ensembles and genres, corresponding with its wide distribution, and is built and played somewhat differently in different areas.
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Rebab is a two-stringed fiddle. This instrument are found in many Muslim countries.
Rebab has an almost heart-shaped body made of wood. The body is covered with a thin layer of skin taken from the intestine or bladder of a buffalo. The two strings are usually made of copper. In fact, what appear to be two strings is actually a single long copper string wound around the bottom of the stick and ending in two pegs at the upper part of the stick. These two strings pass over a wide wooden bridge. Unlike other Asian fiddle, the two tuning pegs of Rebab are exaggeratedly long. These two long tuning pegs will break easily, if they are not gripped closer to the neck of the instrument.
During playing, the player's palm, which hold the bow, is facing upwards. The player's third and fourth fingers should pull the hair of the bow, to create some tension. The Rebab is held vertically, or slightly tilting forwards. There is no finger board on the neck of this instrument. The player's fingers press the strings lightly, and the string should not touch the neck. However, this instrument can produce a fairly loud sound.
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